Public Engagement And Clinical Trials

Public Engagement and Clinical Trials PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309219329
Size: 76.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 140
View: 4647

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Book Description: Clinical trials provide essential information needed to turn basic medical research findings into patient treatments. New treatments must be studied in large numbers of humans to find out whether they are effective and to assess any harm that may arise from treatment. There is growing recognition among many stakeholders that the U.S. clinical trials enterprise is unable to keep pace with the national demand for research results. The IOM, along with the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, held a workshop June 27-28, 2011, to engage stakeholders and experts in a discussion about possible solutions to improve public engagement in clinical trials.

Envisioning A Transformed Clinical Trials Enterprise In The United States

Envisioning a Transformed Clinical Trials Enterprise in the United States PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309253152
Size: 47.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 2737

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Book Description: There is growing recognition that the United States' clinical trials enterprise (CTE) faces great challenges. There is a gap between what is desired - where medical care is provided solely based on high quality evidence - and the reality - where there is limited capacity to generate timely and practical evidence for drug development and to support medical treatment decisions. With the need for transforming the CTE in the U.S. becoming more pressing, the IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation held a two-day workshop in November 2011, bringing together leaders in research and health care. The workshop focused on how to transform the CTE and discussed a vision to make the enterprise more efficient, effective, and fully integrated into the health care system. Key issue areas addressed at the workshop included: the development of a robust clinical trials workforce, the alignment of cultural and financial incentives for clinical trials, and the creation of a sustainable infrastructure to support a transformed CTE. This document summarizes the workshop.

Public Engagement And Emerging Technologies

Public Engagement and Emerging Technologies PDF
Author: Kieran O'Doherty
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774824638
Size: 15.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 4735

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Book Description: New technologies and the science that created them have transformed our lives, posing challenges as to how technological change can be better integrated in society. Recognition of these issues has led to different ways of engaging the public in the assessment and regulation of emerging technologies. This book puts the subject of publics and their engagement in emerging technologies on a robust theoretical footing. With a strong, though not exclusive, focus on genomic technologies, leading theorists and practitioners in the field provide precise and clear insights into the key issues in public participation studies, including ethics, process, and principles of knowledge distribution in democratic societies.

Best Care At Lower Cost

Best Care at Lower Cost PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309260736
Size: 72.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 436
View: 271

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Book Description: America's health care system has become too complex and costly to continue business as usual. Best Care at Lower Cost explains that inefficiencies, an overwhelming amount of data, and other economic and quality barriers hinder progress in improving health and threaten the nation's economic stability and global competitiveness. According to this report, the knowledge and tools exist to put the health system on the right course to achieve continuous improvement and better quality care at a lower cost. The costs of the system's current inefficiency underscore the urgent need for a systemwide transformation. About 30 percent of health spending in 2009--roughly $750 billion--was wasted on unnecessary services, excessive administrative costs, fraud, and other problems. Moreover, inefficiencies cause needless suffering. By one estimate, roughly 75,000 deaths might have been averted in 2005 if every state had delivered care at the quality level of the best performing state. This report states that the way health care providers currently train, practice, and learn new information cannot keep pace with the flood of research discoveries and technological advances. About 75 million Americans have more than one chronic condition, requiring coordination among multiple specialists and therapies, which can increase the potential for miscommunication, misdiagnosis, potentially conflicting interventions, and dangerous drug interactions. Best Care at Lower Cost emphasizes that a better use of data is a critical element of a continuously improving health system, such as mobile technologies and electronic health records that offer significant potential to capture and share health data better. In order for this to occur, the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, IT developers, and standard-setting organizations should ensure that these systems are robust and interoperable. Clinicians and care organizations should fully adopt these technologies, and patients should be encouraged to use tools, such as personal health information portals, to actively engage in their care. This book is a call to action that will guide health care providers; administrators; caregivers; policy makers; health professionals; federal, state, and local government agencies; private and public health organizations; and educational institutions.

Issues In Pharmacology Pharmacy Drug Research And Drug Innovation 2011 Edition

Issues in Pharmacology  Pharmacy  Drug Research  and Drug Innovation  2011 Edition PDF
Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963444
Size: 38.56 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 4229
View: 6185

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Book Description: Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation. The editors have built Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Research Communication In The Social And Human Sciences

Research Communication in the Social and Human Sciences PDF
Author: Céline Beaudet
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
ISBN:
Size: 23.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 215
View: 5013

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Book Description: The sharing of knowledge is one of the key elements of a society's economic, social, scientific and cultural development. Social and human science research addresses some of society's most pressing problems, such as poverty, illiteracy, high dropout rates in schools, marginalization of social groups to name but a few. Despite its vital role in building a civil society, research in the social and human sciences has been criticized for being little known by the public. This lack of large-scale visibility detracts from its social and scientific significance and legitimacy in a media-driven society. To address this pressing need for sharing social and human science knowledge and to overcome the paradox of its invisibility, this book brings together researchers from across disciplines in the social and human sciences who have identified the challenges in communicating across boundaries of researcher and practitioner communities and who have begun to develop solutions ranging from research dissemination in the media to stakeholder engagement in research networks and partnerships.

Community Engagement Organization And Development For Public Health Practice

Community Engagement  Organization  and Development for Public Health Practice PDF
Author: Frederick Murphy, MSPHyg, MPIA
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826108024
Size: 74.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 3825

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Book Description: In this practical text, public health students and practitioners will learn the fundamentals of applying community engagement, organization, and development principles to create successful community public health campaigns. Emphasizing nontraditional approaches and partnerships, and the need to readjust traditional strategies, it discusses organization and development methods optimal for public health practice, including public health ethics, faith-based initiatives in community health, community assessment and measurement methods, coalition building, frameworks for developing health policy, and more. This textbook addresses work in at-risk and diverse communities, and stresses the impact of urban change on the community engagement, organization, and development process. It also discusses the methodologies and theoretical frameworks underlying successful community organizing and development. The multidisciplinary public health scholars and practitioners contributing to this work identify the skills required to both analyze the health and health care delivery challenges of underserved communities, and to understand the social, cultural, environmental, and economic determinants of health and illness. The book includes a wealth of practical approaches and case studies drawn from the authors' real-life experiences in developing successful community health campaigns. PowerPoint slides and case study exercises for each chapter accompany the text for instructor's use Key Features: Disseminates the fundamentals of applying community engagement, organization, and development principles to community public health campaigns Provides real-life examples of methods and strategies used in engaging, organizing, and empowering community residents Discusses community organization approaches and the methodologies and frameworks underlying them Emphasizes the impact of urban change on the future of community organization and development process Written and edited by contributors with a wealth of practical and academic experience

Understanding Medical Professionalism

Understanding Medical Professionalism PDF
Author: American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071807446
Size: 24.88 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4450

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Book Description: A groundbreaking text on how to deliver the highest quality patient care through professionalism in daily medical practice Five Star Doody’s Review: “This is an outstanding book for all clinicians and professors, indeed for everyone in medicine to help mentor and self-police the medical profession.” "Understanding Medical Professionalism is a 'must-have' for all involved in the healing arts. The book demystifies professionalism, bringing it from a philosophical, mystical concept to a practical everyday set of behaviors. The twelve chapters, in a uniform way, provide wonderful, real-life stories that illustrate the challenges faced by practitioners, describe ways to deal with those challenges, and help develop the personal and institutional skills necessary to provide excellent and compassionate care." -- Carlos A. Pellegrini, MD, FACS, FRCSI (Hon.), The Henry N. Harkins Professor and Chair, Department of Surgery, University of Washington "Insightful, practical, and authoritative. Building on their own research and that of others, Levinson et al. offer a comprehensive discussion of medical professionalism from the refreshing perspective of behavioral skills and an enabling healthcare system. Understanding Medical Professionalism has fundamentally reframed the professionalism debate and will likely remain the definitive work in this field for quite some time." -- David G. Nichols, MD, President and CEO, The American Board of Pediatrics "The authors' ambitious goal of providing a framework for the continuum of physician development of professional behaviors, from student through expert senior clinician, has been met. Students will find the text modular and instructive; residents will benefit from the reinforcement of positive professional behaviors and explication of strategies to excel in this competency; educational program directors will find the framework and tools for assessment and strategies for remediation enriching; and the expert professional will find subtle opportunities to grow to mastership of this most important physician competency." -- Thomas J. Nasca, MD, MACP, Chief Executive Officer, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Professor of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College "The authors offer a framework and an approach to medical professionalism that enable us to understand it, teach it, and incorporate it into our day-to-day lives as health professionals. It is a much needed addition to our armamentarium as we work to align the education of health professionals with the needs and expectations of the society we serve." -- George E. Thibault, MD, President, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation

An Anthropology Of Biomedicine

An Anthropology of Biomedicine PDF
Author: Margaret Lock
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357905
Size: 35.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 520
View: 6350

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Book Description: An Anthropology of Biomedicine is an exciting new introduction to biomedicine and its global implications. Focusing on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies bring about radical changes to societies at large, cultural anthropologist Margaret Lock and her co-author physician and medical anthropologist Vinh-Kim Nguyen develop and integrate the thesis that the human body in health and illness is the elusive product of nature and culture that refuses to be pinned down. Introduces biomedicine from an anthropological perspective, exploring the entanglement of material bodies with history, environment, culture, and politics Develops and integrates an original theory: that the human body in health and illness is not an ontological given but a moveable, malleable entity Makes extensive use of historical and contemporary ethnographic materials around the globe to illustrate the importance of this methodological approach Integrates key new research data with more classical material, covering the management of epidemics, famines, fertility and birth, by military doctors from colonial times on Uses numerous case studies to illustrate concepts such as the global commodification of human bodies and body parts, modern forms of population, and the extension of biomedical technologies into domestic and intimate domains Winner of the 2010 Prose Award for Archaeology and Anthropology

The Public Shaping Of Medical Research

The Public Shaping of Medical Research PDF
Author: Peter Wehling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317584465
Size: 72.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 4103

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Book Description: Patient organizations and social health movements offer one of the most important and illuminating examples of civil society engagement and participation in scientific research and research politics. Influencing the research agenda, and initiating, funding and accelerating the development of diagnostic tools, effective therapies and appropriate health-care for their area of interest, they may champion alternative, sometimes controversial, programs or critique dominant medical paradigms. Some movements and organizations advocate for medical recognition of contested illnesses, as with fibromyalgia orADHD, while some attempt to "de-medicalize" others, such as obesity or autism. Bringing together an international selection of leading scholars and representatives from patients' organizations, this comprehensive collection explores the interaction between civil society groups and biomedical science, technology development, and research politics. It takes stock of the key findings of the research conducted in the field over the past two decades and addresses emerging problems and future challenges concerning the interrelations between health movements and patient organisations on the one hand, and biomedical research and research policies on the other hand. Combining empirical case studies with conceptual discussion, the book discusses how public participation can contribute to, as well as restrict, the democratization of scientific knowledge production. This volume is an important reference for academics and researchers with an interest in the sociology of health and illness, science and technology studies, the sociology of knowledge, medical ethics or healthcare management and research, as well as medical researchers and those involved with health-related civil society organizations.